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Abu Talib Muslim or Kaffar? sonnat.net


Abu Talib Muslim or Kaffar?




A person providing tafseer of the Holy Quran must have the following pre-requisites:



1. Understand pre-Islamic Arabian culture- how Arabians ate, dressed...



2. Understand pre-Islamic Arabian poetry. Otherwise won’t know how Allah (swt) used a specific word in Arabic to get message across.



3. Knowledge of hadith because everything in Quran is explained in world of hadith.



4. Knowledge of Arabic grammar. Some Arabic words can have numerous meanings eg: The word mawla has 24 meanings.



When a lay man with no understanding of the pre-requisites for Quran tafseer, provides tafseer of the Quran, his tafseer may cause chaos and be deceiving and invalid. Hence, we only accept tafseer given by those chosen by Allah (swt).



Why must we examine Abu Talib (as) when there are so many other issues to ponder on? If Abu Talib was not important, the imam of Saudi Arabia would not allocate an entire lecture during the 2006 season of Hajj to prove the Kuffur of Abu Talib. When all the Muslims were gathered in Mecca, the imam did not give a lecture about the benefits of fasting or about the benefits of prayer or the benefits of submitting to Allah (swt). The whole lecture was about the Kuffur of Abu Talib. It is believed that the Umayyad’s campaign against Imam Ali (as) was responsible for fabricating ahadiths to convince people that Abu Sufyan (father of Muawiyyah) was better than Abu Talib (father of Ali), claiming that Abu Sufyan died as a Muslim while Abu Talib died a pagan. 1 If it wasn’t for Abu Talib (as) and his diplomatic skills, there would have been no Islam.



An important concept to point out is that you must study the chain of narrators for any hadiths before confirming its authenticity. This is because Chinese whispers occur in every community. If someone gives me a hadith about tafseer of a verse of the Quran and this person hates Ali ibn abu Talib (as), will he praise Ali’s father Abu Talib?



The proofs that backup the claim that Abu Talib (as) died a Kaffar are based on three verses of the Holy Quran. In this article, we will:



1. Examine the verses of the Quran that are supposed to highlight kuffur of Abu Talib (as).



2. Investigate when these verses were revealed.



3. Investigate the chain of narrators of the ahadiths that claim these verses of the Quran were revealed about Abu Talib.



The first verse:



“Of them there are some who (pretend to) listen to thee; but We have thrown veils on their hearts, So they understand it not, and deafness in their ears; if they saw every one of the signs, not they will believe in them; in so much that when they come to thee, they (but) dispute with thee; the Unbelievers say: "These are nothing but tales of the ancients." Holy Quran (6:25).



Tabari relates from Sufiyan Soori who relates it from Habeeb Ibn Abu Sabit who narrated it from somebody saying that Ibn Abbas said: 'This verse came down for Abu Talib, because he used to protect Muhammad from the Kufar but he never recited the Kalima.'



Notice that the chain of narrators terminates after Habeeb ibn Abu Sabit and Habeeb heard this hadith from an unknown source. This termination of the chain of narrators makes this hadith invalid according to the standards of hadith. Why do people keep using this hadiths when they know very well that it is invalid whatsoever?



Turning our attention to the narrators of this hadith and investigating them using Sunni resources:



1. Habeeb ibn Abu Sabit is known in history as a deceiver and a liar. He is known to be a weak narrator. (Tahzeeb al-Tahzeeb, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, v 2 p 179).



2. Sufyan Al- Soori’s narrations are lies according to Mizan al-Itidal, by al-Dhahabi, v 1 p 396.



Zamakhshari, one of the greatest tafseer scholars of ahlu-sunnah writes in his tafseer "Al-Kashhaf” that the verse above wasn’t revealed about Abu Talib. He says that it was revealed about Al Walid, Abu Sufian and Abu Jahal. They stopped others from coming to rasoullah (pbuh) while they themselves were far away from him.



Second verse:



“It is not fitting, for the Prophet and those who believe, that they should pray for forgiveness for Pagans, even though they be of kin, after it is clear to them that they are companions of the Fire” Holy Quran (9: 113).



Imam Bukhari narrates a hadith stating that the above verse was revealed about Abu Talib. When Abu Talib was on his deathbed, the Holy Prophet (saww) went to him while Abu Jahl was sitting beside him. The Holy Prophet (saww) said to him:



“O Uncle! Say LAA ILAAHA ILLALLAH – an expression with which I will defend your case before Allah (SWT)”. Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Umayyah said, “O Abu Talib! Will you leave the religion of Abdul-Muttalib?” They kept saying this till Abu Talib’s last statement was, “I am on the religion of Abdul-Muttalib”. So the Holy Prophet (saww) said, “I will keep asking Allah for your forgiveness unless I am forbidden to do so”. Thereupon, verse 113 of Surah al-Tawbah was revealed, in which Allah (SWT) says, “It does not befit the Prophet and the believers to ask Allah’s forgiveness for the pagans, even if they were their near relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of Hellfire”.] 2



Al Bukhari narrates this hadith from Ashak ibn abrahim, Al- Aoamar, Aaed Ibn Al Musayab, Saed ibn al musayab.



o Looking at these narrators:



1. They are all known to be deceivers in hadith books and no one trusts their hadiths.



2. Ibn Al Musayab was with Muawiya when Muawiya fought Imam Ali (as) and refused to pray Salat al Janazah for Imam zain al abidden (as) at his funeral.



3. Saed Ibn Al Musayab became Muslim after opening of makkah but Abu Talib died 10 years before that. So how could he have been there to see what happened?



Furthermore, history shows that Surah 9 verse 113 was revealed in 9th year of hijra which is 10-12 years after the death of Abu talib. How can you say that this verse is revealed about Abu talib?!



Third Verse:



“You [Prophet] cannot guide everyone you love to the truth; it is God who guides whoever He will: He knows best those who will follow guidance.” Holy Quran (28: 26).



Some people claim that the first part of this verse refers to Abu Talib (as) and the second part of the above verse “Allah guides whom he wants” refers to abas, the uncle.



Let us study this accusation Quranically. In Quran, Allah (swt) says he won’t guide the zalimen (oppressors), faisqeen (open sinners), khanineen (decievers), a liar and al mubazerrern (someone who spends extravagantly). Does Abu Talib ever fit into these categories? Never, everyone knows that Abu Talib had the best reputation and was one of the best men of his time.



It is apparent that the above 3 verses of the Quran have nothing to do with Abu Talib at all.



Furthermore, If Abu Talib was a pagan, he would not have written 3000 lines of poetry glorifying and praising prophet Muhammad (pbuh). In Arabia, your poetry determined how much you believed in the person around you. Examining a short excerpt of his poetry:



“Let all the people know that Muhammad is the vizier of Mosa and Isa. He came to us with guidance which Allah has guided him.



Everyone is guided through their love of Muhammad.



Allah has honoured Prophet Muhammad and most honourable of human beings is Prophet Muhammad.



He (Allah) ripped His name Mahmud and brought out (the name) Muhammad



By Allah, they (kuffar) will never reach you, their whole group



Until I have dust completely covering my face.



So go ahead with your mission, you are under my eyes.



You invited me and knew that I was a guide to you;



You invited me and knew that I was trustworthy with you;



You invited me because you knew that I knew that Islam is the greatest religion in the eyes of Allah (swt).



Are these the words of a kaffir? All his words are the words of a believer.



Other proofs supporting the imman (belief) of Abu Talib:



Can a kaffir (unbeliever) recite the nikkah of a Muslim? Greatest nikah in history was that of Muhammad (pbuh) and khadija (as). Abu Talib recited their nikah, would the holy prophet have allowed a kaffir to recite his nikah?



Can a kaffir marry a Muslim woman? Fatima bint assad was one of the first converts to Islam and is known to be a pious lady. If Abu Talib was a kaffir, the prophet would have divorced him from Fatima bint Assad. Once again, this highlights that Abu Talib is a Muslim.



An important concept to consider is whether Abu Talib will be deemed a pagan supposing he did not recite the shahada?



Abu Talib followed the religion of Abraham (as) and as such he believed in Allah (swt) and followed the divine teachings of Abraham (as). He never bowed down to an idol and was certainly not a pagan.



Does a Muslim need to say shahada publically?



In Quran Allah (swt) explain concepts known as takiya -concealment of beliefs and convictions but not abandoning them in times of life and deaths. We notice that the Quran mentions people who have performed taqiya:



“A believer, a man from among the people of Pharaoh, who had concealed his faith, said: "Will ye slay a man because he says, 'My Lord is Allah'?- when he has indeed come to you with Clear (Signs) from your Lord? and if he be a liar, on him is (the sin of) his lie: but, if he is telling the Truth, then will fall on you something of the (calamity) of which he warns you: Truly Allah guides not one who transgresses and lies!” Holy Quran (40: 28)



The man mentioned in this verse concealed his faith highlighting that person is allowed to conceal faith in matter of life or death or in order to allow Islam to continue, as in the case of Abu Talib (as).



“Let not the believers Take for friends or helpers Unbelievers rather than believers: if any do that, in nothing will there be help from Allah: except by way of precaution, that ye may Guard yourselves from them. But Allah cautions you (To remember) Himself; for the final goal is to Allah.” (Holy Quran 3:28).



The verse above highlights that you can perform Taqiya and take disbelievers as authority only when you are guarding your faith. This is the only time you can take disbelievers as authority.



Ammar bin Yasser performed taqiya when tortured and the following verse of the Quran was then revealed:



“Whoso is forced to disbelieve after believing, while his heart is convinced of the Faith, (he shall be absolved) but whosoever accepts disbelief willingly, he incurs Allah's wrath, and there is severe torment for all such people.” Holy Quran (16:106).



Prophet (pbuh) told ammar: “O ammar, you have iman in your heart and all over your body”.



Imam saddick (as) said: “Taqiya is the religion of mine and the religion of my forefathers.” Its taqiya that ensured religion of Islam continued. When the tyrant Ummayids and their likes were ruling over the Islamic state, Shia Muslims (followers of ahlulbayt) were slaughtered like sheep. Exposing yourself as Shia meant you were executed.Thus, Taqiya was a necessity and it ensured the survival of the true religion of Islam. There is also a period were taqiya is not allowed. Contemporarily, there is no need to perform taqiya. The ship of salvation of Muhammad (pbuh) and aal’ Muhamad (as) should speak the truth (haq) and bring justice back to Islam. When there is a tyrant, speak out, don’t conceal your faith. The days of Taqiya are over.

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